Is Universal Child Care Leveling the Playing Field?

Tarjei Havnes and Magne Mogstad

Discussion Papers No. 774, March 2014
Statistics Norway, Research Department

This study assesses the case for universal child care programs in the context of a Norwegian reform which led to a large-scale expansion of subsidized child care. Taken together, the findings could have important implications for the policy debate over universal child care programs, suggesting that the benefits of providing subsidized child care to middle and upper-class children are unlikely to exceed the costs.

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